Hyperpigmentation is an alteration in the color of the skin that occurs in the form of a spot, and takes place when the skin produces a high amount of the skin pigment called melanin.
When exposed to sunlight, UV rays pass through the epidermis and stimulate melanocytes, which produce melanin, causing the skin to darken or tan. If sun exposure is not done correctly, some melanocytes are permanently altered and begin to secrete significant amounts of melanin continuously, which can lead to diseases such as cancer or other skin problems.
The spots on the skin appear when the production of melanin increases abnormally and when the distribution of melanin produced in excess is not distributed evenly on the surface of the skin, accumulating in different areas of the skin and forming unsightly spots.
Other factors that can cause hyperpigmentation are: hormones, age, melasma, skin lesions and inflammation, medication, …
How does pigmentation work on the skin?
Ultraviolet rays stimulate the pigmentation process and consequently the melanin-producing function of cells called “melanocytes.”
Melanin is produced by melanocytes.
The melanin produced in the melanocyte diffuses through the layers of the epidermis.
Melanin reaches the most superficial layers of the skin thanks to the permanent natural renewal of the epidermis.
How to avoid or reduce the formation of hyperpigmentation?
Solar protection. It is important to remember that the sun’s rays affect the skin even on cloudy days, so the skin must be provided with the daily protection it needs.
Limit sun exposure. Try not to sunbathe during the hours of most intense radiation.
Dermatological treatments such as laser therapy, chemical scrubs, intense pulsed light, …
Topical creams that include assets such as azelaic acid, retinoids, vitamin C, …
Phytochem ® DES SP helps depigmentation of the skin
It is a new generation product made up of a mixture of bioactives that act at different levels:
Depigmenting: It acts directly on the synthesis of melanin, considerably reducing skin hyperpigmentation.
Activation of collagen synthesis: By inhibiting collagenase, allowing the skin to preserve a luminous and elastic appearance.
Moisturizing: It prevents the superficial layers from losing water and favors the recovery of the skin matrix.
Antioxidant: Neutralizes the free radicals formed.
Anti-inflammatory: It considerably reduces the inflammatory processes of the skin due to the high concentration of polyphenols.
Using a good sunscreen with filters that cover the visible spectrum is very important to spots stains caused by sun damage, as well as the damage that the sun can cause to our skin.
Stabilized mixture of chemical filters designed to enhance the synergy of all its components. PROSUN® has a great compatibility with the skin and its use in solar products is recommended, as well as products indicated as anti-wrinkle and anti-aging.